YDT İngilizce Çıkmış Sorular Testi-4

1. - 3. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.

Prediabetes is a precursor to type 2 diabetes, but that diagnosis does not necessarily mean diabetes is your destiny. “Once you have diabetes, you cannot become un-diabetic—but you can reverse prediabetes,” says Dr. Grazia Aleppo, professor of medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. Prediabetes means the body struggles to use or produce the hormone insulin, making blood sugar (glucose) zoom to abnormally high levels, but not quite high enough to be considered full-blown diabetes. A third of American adults are estimated to have it, and your risk is higher if you have an immediate family history of type 2 diabetes, you are over 45, or you have had gestational diabetes. Though many people with prediabetes eventually progress to the full disease, taking steps to make some lifestyle changes such as a healthy Mediterranean diet and more exercise to control blood sugar can help stave it off . That is crucial: Type 2 diabetes increases risks for chronic health problems like heart disease, stroke, and impaired nerve, eye, and kidney function.

1) According to the passage, prediabetes is ----.

2) Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about type 2 diabetes?

3) The underlined phrasal verb 'stave off' is closest in meaning to ----.

4. - 8. sorularda, karşılıklı konuşmanın boş bırakılan kısmını tamamlayabilecek ifadeyi bulunuz.

4) Mother:
- I’m looking for a babysitter, which is really stressing me out. But I thought if anyone could help me, it would be you!
Friend:
- I’d be happy to share my experiences! First of all, only contact babysitters that are recommended by other parents. Then, invite the candidates home to meet the children before making a commitment.
Mother:
- Well, I’ve already invited a young girl for an interview, but how can I be sure I’m choosing the right person? Friend:
- ---

5) Susan: 
- I feel exhausted all the time, like I have no energy at all.
Lydia: 
- You must feel miserable. What time do you usually go to bed?
Susan:
- Sometimes early, sometimes past midnight.
Lydia: 
- Well, you really shouldn’t play around with your circadian rhythm.
Susan:
- ---
Lydia:
- It’s the body’s built-in clock. It includes your sleep cycle, and is unique for everyone.

6) John: 
- We are seeing more and more ads for electric cars in the media, and guess what? I’m planning to buy one.
Timothy:
- No kidding? A few of my other friends have bought electric cars, too.
John: 
- Really? Are they happy with them?
Timothy:
- ---
John: 
- I see. Then I should carefully weigh its benefits and downsides. A quick, uninformed decision would mean a disaster for me.

7) Andy: 
- Looking at the Pyramids in Egypt, do you think Egyptians were more concerned about death than life?
Jean: 
- Well, contrary to what most people believe, I think they were obsessed with life rather than death.
Andy: 
- Why do you think so?
Jean:
- ---

8) Instructor: 
- In some areas of eastern Congo, up to 40 per cent of gold miners are children. What do you think about this?
Student: 
- I believe every child deserves to be treated under caring conditions at schools instead of working as underpaid miners.
Instructor:
- ---
Student: 
- I'd promote compulsory education and try to provide free education to all children so that no children would have to work in mines.

9. - 13. sorularda, verilen cümleye anlamca en yakın cümleyi bulunuz.

9) Despite claims of slave labour, it is thought that the Great Pyramid of Giza was built by skilled workers.

10) In addition to the role of culture in shaping our diets, our own learning experience dictates which foods we will include in our diets.

11) Unless an increasing proportion of a nation’s income is devoted to health care, shortages in its services are likely to get worse.

12) As NASA plans return visits to the Moon, lunar scientists hope for more samples from across the surface and deep underground to learn more about the early history of the solar system.

13) The effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy for various psychological problems has been researched more extensively than any other psychotherapeutic approach.

14. - 18. sorularda, verilen durumda söylenmiş olabilecek sözü bulunuz.

14) Your friend is planning a hike in an area which is well-known for wild animals, such as bears, wolves, and snakes. Because of the dangers they pose, you want to warn your friend to be careful, so you say: ---

15) Your friend is shopping for a dress for the school prom and has just tried on a dress which is really ugly. She likes the dress so much, but when she asks you your opinion of the dress, you want to tell her the truth. So trying not to offend her, you say: ---

16) While cleaning up your room in the attic, you find an old book which belonged to a friend. You realise that you were supposed to give it back to her months ago. So you call her to apologise: ---

17) One of your workers is always late for work. You’ve already warned him several times, but he still keeps coming in late. Finally, you decide you need to fire him. You ask him to come to your office and say: ---

18) You ordered a laptop from an online computer company. When you receive your new laptop, you notice that its battery does not seem to function properly. So you call their customer service line and politely ask for a refund: ---

19) The achievements of Sherlock Holmes, the most famous fictional detective in history, derive from his---- to balance the physical evidence of a case with the more challenging subjective truths into a single coherent judgement.

20) In 1558, Queen Mary I of England was persuaded by her husband, King Philip II of Spain, to join him in a renewed war with France, which proved ---- for England as it led to the loss of Calais, England’s last foothold in continental Europe.

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