YDT İngilizce Çıkmış Sorular Testi-6

1. - 8. sorularda, verilen cümleyi uygun şekilde tamamlayan ifadeyi bulunuz.

1) ---- because it cannot be replaced once it is removed from the ground.

2) While most ancient societies were governed by kings, ----.

3) Although they are usually worn for practical reasons, so that the wearer can keep track of the time, ----.

4) When long-tailed ducks venture beneath the waves in search of fish, ----.

5) ----, vitamin E is also of great importance in energy production, playing an essential role in cellular respiration of all muscles.

6) Early civilizations were well aware that plants were attacked by diseases; ----.

7) ----, some of the water they hold evaporates into the warm air.

8) ----, there is nowhere in the universe where it will disappear altogether.

9. - 11. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.

In 1911, the Mona Lisa painting in the Louvre Museum came to global stardom when she became the victim of one the most recognised art thefts in history. For two years the whereabouts of the painting by the great Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci remained a mystery. Then in November 1913, the thief named Vincenzo Peruggia contacted an art dealer in Italy and offered to bring him the painting for a reward of 500,000 lire. Peruggia had moved to Paris in 1908 and had worked at the Louvre for some time. Dressed in a white smock worn by Louvre employees, he had hidden inside the gallery until it closed for the night. He then removed the painting from its frame and strolled out with it hidden under his smock when the museum opened as usual the following morning. The theft was genius in its simplicity – Peruggia, in his work clothes, had attracted no notice and had been out of the area by the time the theft was realised. He was arrested, but unfortunately served only eight months in prison thanks to a psychiatrist who testified that he was ‘intellectually deficient’. 

9) The underlined word ‘stardom’ in the passage is closest in meaning to ----.

10) Peruggia did not attract any attention as the thief of the Mona Lisa painting because ----.

11) What is the author’s attitude towards Peruggia’s eight-month prison sentence?

12. - 14. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.

Social media websites arrived in the middle of a dramatic increase in the quantity and intensity of human loneliness, a rise that initially made these websites’ promise of greater connection seem deeply attractive. A recent study found a complex relationship between loneliness and social networking. Social media users had slightly lower levels of social loneliness (the sense of not feeling bonded with friends), but significantly higher levels of family loneliness (the sense of not feeling bonded with the family). It may be that social networking encourages more contact with people outside of our household, at the expense of our family relationships or it may be that people who have unhappy family relationships in the first place seek companionship through other means, including social media websites. The fears that social media is distancing us from each other, making us lonelier; and that social networking might be spreading the very isolation it seemed designed to conquer highlight the anxieties that social media have produced. In fact, what social media has revealed about human nature is that a connection is not the same thing as a bond, and that instant and total connection is not a ticket to a happier, better world.

12) According to the passage, why did social media become so attractive?

13) According to the passage, social networking ----.

14) What is the main purpose of the author?

15. - 17. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.

Around 1650 BCE, central Anatolia’s city-states were united by conquest into a kingdom with its capital at Hattusa. Vigorous rulers of this Hittite Old Kingdom campaigned into Syria and even sacked Babylon in 1595 BCE. However, the series of succession disputes that followed reduced their dominions. From the 14th century BCE on, strong Hittite kings regained previously lost territories, expanded into western Anatolia, and destroyed the Mitanni Empire in Syria, thus bringing them into direct territorial competition with the Egyptians. After the inconclusive Battle of Qadesh around 1274 BCE, Egypt accepted Hittite control over Syria. Widespread human and natural troubles in the eastern Mediterranean around 1200 BCE destroyed the Hittite Empire, but a number of small Neo-Hittite kingdoms sprang up in southern Anatolia and Syria, prospering until the Assyrians conquered them in 700 BCE. Barbarian raiders ever present to their north and a tradition of armed conflict made the Hittites invest heavily in defence. Massive and complex city fortifications included towers, huge stone gateways with difficult approaches, and long tunnels under the walls to secret exits. Often a citadel and inner defensive walls protected the palace and other key buildings.

15) The rivalry between the Hittites and Egyptians started as a result of ----.

16) According to the passage, the Hittites ----.

17) What is the passage mainly about?

18. - 20. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplayınız.

Under the Roman Republic, brickmaking, particularly in the region of Rome itself, became a major industry, and finally, under the Empire, it became a state monopoly. Brick construction was cheaper than stone due to the economies of scale in mass production and the lower level of skill needed to put it in place. The brick arch was adopted to span openings in walls. Mortar had traditionally been composed of sand, lime, and water, but beginning in the 2nd century BCE, a new ingredient was introduced. The Romans called it pulvis puteoli after the town of Puteoli (modern Pozzuoli), near Naples, where it was first found. The material, formed in Mount Vesuvius and mined on its slopes, is now called pozzolana. When mixed with lime, pozzolana forms a natural cement that is much stronger and more weather-resistant than lime mortar alone, and that will harden even underwater. Pozzolanic mortars were so strong and cheap, and could be placed by labourers of such low skill, that the Romans began to substitute them for traditional mortars inside walls. The concrete made from pozzolana made it possible to create curved shapes and led to the creation of a series of remarkable interior spaces spanned by domes and columns.

18) Which of the following was one of the advantages of brick over stone?

19) Why were pozzolanic mortars preferred to traditional mortars inside walls?

20) Which of the following could be the best title for the passage?

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