YÖKDİL İngilizce Sağlık Bilimleri Çıkmış Sorular Testi-3

1.-5. sorularda, parçada boş bırakılan yerlere uygun düşen sözcük ya da ifadeyi bulunuz.

A cough is a forceful release of air from the lungs that can be heard. Coughing (1)---- the respiratory system by clearing it of irritants and secretions. (2)---- people can generally cough voluntarily, a cough is usually a reflex triggered when an irritant stimulates one or more of the cough receptors found at different points in the respiratory system. These receptors then send a message to the cough centre in the brain, which in turn tells the body (3)----. A cough begins (4)---- a deep breath in, at which point the opening between the vocal cords at the upper part of the larynx (glottis) shuts, trapping the air in the lungs. (5)---- the pressing of the diaphragm and other muscles involved in breathing against the lungs, the glottis suddenly opens, producing an explosive outflow of air at speeds greater than 160 km per hour.

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6.-10. sorularda, parçada boş bırakılan yerlere uygun düşen sözcük ya da ifadeyi bulunuz.

Cigarette smoking attained social status in the 1920s when soldiers returning from World War I brought their habit home with them. Cigarette smoking became (6)---- across social strata, a mark of sophistication and success. But as early as the 1940s, doctors (7)---- that many of their patients who had heart disease or lung disease, including lung cancer,were smokers. In 1964, a team of doctors released the landmark report, which presented(8)----fairly severe detail the known and suspected health consequences of cigarette smoking. The report’s publication was a wake-up call for doctors (9)---- the general public, nearly 45 percent of whom were smokers. Over the next 40 years, vigorous education efforts resulted in cutting the number of smokers nearly in half. (10)----, cardiovascular diseases and lung cancer increased dramatically due to the consequences of smoking.

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