YDS İngilizce Çıkmış Sorular Testi-1

1-6: For these questions, choose the best word or expression to fill the space.

1. The most powerful ---- to parachuting is fear, but one should also take its high cost into account, as a total outfit for parachuting can be extremely expensive.

2. Peanut may very well be the most common food allergy in some populations, but the ---- of a particular food allergy varies according to age and group.

3. Heating and cooling of the Earth are not ----, as it takes time for land, water, and air to either absorb heat and warm up or release stored heat and cool down.

4. Since the mid-20th century, plastic pollution has increased ----, and resulting pollution has become a global environmental issue.

5. The most basic path to computer literacy is to---- competence in using computers to perform personal or vocational tasks.

6. Making videos should be a lot of fun, but it can also be a bit of a minefield, as lots of people ---- problems and lose momentum before they even get started.

7-10: Answer these questions according to the passage below.

The question of animal language and thought has been debated since ancient times. Some have held the view that humans are exceptional in these respects, while others believe that humans and animals are similar with respect to language and thought. The issue is important because our self-image as a species is at stake. Arguments for human exceptionalism such as Cartesian, Wittgensteinian and behaviourist state that language and thought are closely associated, and animals do not have language. The ape language experiments of the 1960s and 1970s were especially important against this background: if apes could learn language then even the advocates of human exceptionalism would have to admit that they have thoughts. It is now generally believed that whatever linguistic abilities apes have shown have been quite rudimentary. Yet many sceptics are willing to grant that in some cases apes did develop linguistic skills to some extent, and clearly evidenced thought. Studies of other animals in captivity and various animals in the wild have provided evidence of highly sophisticated communicative behaviour. Cognitive ethology and comparative psychology have emerged as the fields that study animal thought. While there are conceptual difficulties in grounding these fields, it appears plausible that many animals have thoughts and these can be scientifically investigated.

7. According to the passage, the issue of animal language is significant because ----.

8. According to the passage, human exceptionalism is based on ----.

9. It can be inferred from the passage that ----.

10. Which of the following can be said about the author of the passage?